UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
|IN THE MATTER OF:
Molycorp, Inc., Site
Taos County, New Mexico,
|CERCLA Docket No. ______
Administrative Order on Consent for
Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study
Proceeding under Sections 104, 122(a),
122(d)(3), and 122(h) of the
Comprehensive Environmental Response,
Compensation and Liability Act, 42
U.S.C. §§ 9604, 9622(a), 9622(d)(3),
ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER ON CONSENT FOR
REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION/FEASIBILITY STUDY
- This Administrative Order on Consent ("Order") is entered into voluntarily
by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Molycorp,
Inc. ("Molycorp"). The Order requires that Molycorp prepare and perform
a remedial investigation and feasibility study (RI/FS) for the Molycorp,
Inc., Site in Taos County, New Mexico (the "Site"). Molycorp must also
reimburse EPA for all past response costs and all response costs incurred
in connection with the RI/FS, subject to the reservations of rights
in Sections XXV and XXVI.
- This Order is issued under the authority vested in the President of
the United States by Sections 104, 122(a), 122(d)(3), and 122(h) of
the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability
Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. §§ 9604, 9622(a), 9622(d)(3), 9622(h) (CERCLA).
This authority was delegated to the Administrator of EPA on January
23, 1987, by Executive Order 12580, 52 Fed. Reg. 2926 (1987); further
delegated to Regional Administrators by EPA Delegation No. 14-14-C (September
13, 1987); and redelegated by the Regional Administrator to the Director,
Superfund Division, by EPA Delegation No. R6-14-14-C (August 4, 1995).
- Molycorp agrees to undertake all actions required by the terms and
conditions of this Order. In any action by EPA or the United States
to enforce the terms of this Order, Molycorp consents to and agrees
not to contest the authority or jurisdiction of EPA to issue or enforce
this Order, and agrees not to contest the validity of this Order or
III. PARTIES BOUND
- This Order applies to and is binding upon EPA and upon Molycorp, its
agents, successors, and assigns. Molycorp is responsible for carrying
out all actions required of it by this Order. The signatories to this
Order certify that they are authorized to execute this Order and legally
bind the parties they represent to this Order. Any change in the ownership
or corporate status of Molycorp, the mine facility, or the Site, including
any transfer of assets, will not alter Molycorp's responsibilities under
- Molycorp must provide a copy of this Order to any subsequent owners
or successors before ownership rights or stock or assets in a corporate
acquisition are transferred. Molycorp must provide a copy of this Order
to all contractors, subcontractors, laboratories, and consultants retained
to conduct any work performed under this Order, within 14 days after
the effective date of this Order or the date of retaining their services,
whichever is later. Molycorp must condition all such contracts upon
satisfactory compliance with this Order. Notwithstanding the terms of
any contract, Molycorp is responsible for compliance with this Order
and for ensuring that its subsidiaries, employees, contractors, consultants,
subcontractors, agents and attorneys comply with this Order.
IV. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE
- In entering into this Order, the objectives of EPA and Molycorp are:
(a) to determine the nature and extent of contamination and any threat
to the public health, welfare, or the environment caused by the release
or threatened release of hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants
at or from the Site, by conducting a remedial investigation; (b) to
determine and evaluate alternatives for remedial action to prevent,
mitigate or otherwise respond to or remedy any release or threatened
release of hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants at or from
the Site or facility, by conducting a feasibility study; and (c) to
recover response and oversight costs incurred by EPA as specified in
- EPA and Molycorp are aware that Molycorp's activities at the Site
are subject to regulation under several statutory regimes, including
the New Mexico Mining Act and the New Mexico Water Quality Act as well
as CERCLA. EPA intends, to the extent practicable and consistent with
CERCLA and the National Contingency Plan (NCP), 40 C.F.R. Part 300,
to work with the New Mexico Environment Department; the Mining and Minerals
Division of the New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department;
and the State and Federal Natural Resource Trustees, to coordinate activities
in connection with the Site and avoid duplicative efforts.
- EPA and Molycorp acknowledge that Molycorp holds
Other Permits, which require Molycorp to conduct certain investigations
and studies within specified schedules ("Outside Study"). If Molycorp
seeks to use an Outside Study as part of the Work required under this
Order, Molycorp must so state its intent in writing to the EPA, specifically
identifying the Outside Study. Subject to EPA approval, the Outside
Study will then constitute a Deliverable under the Work Plan, and will
be governed by the terms of this AOC, including the procedures applicable
to all other Deliverables set forth in Section IX, Paragraphs 36-44.
Use of an Outside Study does not affect the need to comply with the
requirements of the RI/FS Guidance (see citation in Statement of Work).
Accordingly, EPA may require Molycorp to repackage data gathered in
an Outside Study into a format appropriate for the RI/FS. EPA and Molycorp
further acknowledge that Molycorp may be required to take abatement
or remedial action under the terms of its Other Permits. When such abatement
or remediation action is required, at Molycorp's written request EPA
will review the proposed action and coordinate with the State of New
Mexico. Molycorp remains responsible for compliance with all of its
permits and with this Order.
- "Other Permits" means ground water discharge permits 1055, 933, and
132 issued by the New Mexico Environmental Department; mining permit
TA001RE issued by the Mining and Minerals Division of the New Mexico
Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department; NPDES Permit No.
NM0022306 issued by the EPA; and any other environmental permit that
is subsequently issued by the State of New Mexico or the EPA.
- The activities conducted under this Order are subject to approval
by EPA and must provide all appropriate necessary information (with
the exception of the risk assessments performed by EPA) for the RI/FS
and for a record of decision that is consistent with CERCLA and the
NCP. The activities conducted under this Order must be conducted in
compliance with all applicable EPA guidance documents, policies, and
- Unless otherwise expressly provided in this Order, terms used in this
Order that are defined in CERCLA or in regulations promulgated under
it will have the meaning assigned to them in CERCLA or the regulations.
Whenever terms listed below are used in this Order, the following definitions
"ARARs" means all applicable local, state, and Federal laws and
regulations, and all "applicable requirements" or "relevant and appropriate
requirements" as defined at 40 CFR § 300.5 and 42 U.S.C. § 9621(d).
"CERCLA" means the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation,
and Liability Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 9601 to 9675.
"Contaminant" has the definition at 42 U.S.C. § 9601(33); as used
in this Order "contaminant" includes hazardous substances and pollutants.
Reference to "contamination" includes media where any hazardous substance,
pollutant, or contaminant has come to be located.
"Day" means a calendar day unless expressly stated to be a business
or working day. In computing any period of time under this Order,
where the last day would fall on a Saturday, Sunday, or Federal holiday,
the period runs until the end of the next day not a Saturday, Sunday,
or Federal holiday.
"Deliverable" means any action, activity, task, or submission required
to be done by Molycorp under this Order. A deliverable is Work.
"EPA" means the United States Environmental Protection Agency and
its successor agencies.
"MMD" means the Mining and Minerals Division of the New Mexico Energy,
Minerals and Natural Resources Department and its successor agencies.
"Molycorp" means Molycorp, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned
subsidiary of Union Oil Company of California.
"National Contingency Plan" or "NCP" means the
National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan promulgated
under Section 105 of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. § 9605, codified at 40
C.F.R. Part 300, including any amendments.
"NMED" means the New Mexico Environment Department and its successor
"Order" means this document, including the Statement of Work and
all other attachments to this document and other documents incorporated
by reference into this document, and any EPA-approved submissions
required under the terms of this document. EPA-approved submissions
will be incorporated into and become a part of the Order upon final
written approval by EPA.
"Paragraph" means a portion of this Order identified by an Arabic
numeral followed by a period. References to paragraphs in the Statement
of Work (SOW) will be so identified (for example, "SOW Paragraph 15").
"Performance Standards" means those cleanup standards, work standards,
standards of control, and other requirements, criteria, or limitations
specified in the Order, including the SOW. Because EPA-approved submissions
are an enforceable part of the Order, cleanup goals and other substantive
requirements, criteria, or limitations specified in EPA-approved submissions
are Performance Standards. EPA will use the Performance Standards
to determine whether the work required by the Order has been completed.
Except where it is inconsistent with this Order, as determined by
EPA, the RI/FS Guidance and the other EPA guidance cited in the Order
are Performance Standards.
"Requirements of this Order" or a similar term means: payments that
Molycorp is to make under this Order; work that Molycorp is to perform
under this Order; scheduled deadlines that Molycorp is to meet under
this Order, including deadlines in schedules in EPA-approved submissions;
and any other obligation of Molycorp under this Order. It is a violation
of this Order for Molycorp to fail to perform a requirement of this
"Schedule" means the list of RI/FS activities and deliverables with
dates for completion, prepared and submitted as a part of the RI/FS
Work Plan in accordance with SOW Paragraph 1.
"Section" means a portion of this Order identified by a Roman numeral
and includes one or more paragraphs. References to sections in the
SOW will be so identified (for example, "SOW Section V").
"Site" means the Molycorp, Inc. Site. The Site consists of a molybdenum
mine and milling facility approximately four miles east of the village
of Questa in Taos County, New Mexico, on approximately three square
miles of land owned by Molycorp (lat. 3641' 54" N., long. 10530' 18"
W). In addition, the Site includes a tailings pipeline running along
State Highway 38, and the area in the vicinity of the pipeline, and
four tailings ponds above the village of Questa (lat. 3642' 13" N.,
long. 10536' 40" W.; and lat. 3642' 08" N., long. 10537' 54" W.),
as well as all other areas where any hazardous substance, pollutant,
or contaminant from mining, milling, and tailings disposal operations
has come to be located. The Site includes at least the area surrounded
by a broken line and labeled "approximate mine boundary" on the attached
map (Attachment B).
"State" means the State of New Mexico, including NMED and MMD.
"Statement of Work" or "SOW" means the Statement of Work for the
development of an RI/FS for the Site, as set forth in Attachment A
to this Order. The Statement of Work is incorporated into this Order
and is an enforceable part of this Order.
"Submission" means any written materials Molycorp is required to
produce under this Order, including correspondence, memoranda, notifications,
plans, reports, specifications, and schedules. A submission is a Deliverable.
Submissions include work plans and the schedules therein. Once a submission
is approved in writing by EPA, the submission is incorporated into
this Order and becomes an enforceable part of this Order.
"Work" means all activities Molycorp is required to perform under
this Order. Work includes Deliverables.
"Work Plan" means a plan, to be developed by Molycorp for EPA review
and approval in accordance with the Statement of Work, that includes
schedules for and descriptions of Work that Molycorp will undertake
under this Order.
VI. EPA's FINDINGS OF FACT
- Respondent Molycorp, Inc., is a Delaware corporation and is a wholly-owned
subsidiary of Union Oil Company of California, a California corporation.
- Molycorp is the owner and operator of the Site, which consists of
a molybdenum mine and milling facility approximately four miles east
of the village of Questa in Taos County, New Mexico, on approximately
three square miles of land owned by Molycorp. In addition, the Site
includes a tailings pipeline running along State Highway 38, and tailings
ponds west of the village of Questa, as well as all other areas where
any hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant from mining, milling,
and tailings disposal operations has come to be located. The mine is
surrounded by the Carson National Forest and is approximately two miles
from the Latir Peak Wilderness Area. The Red River, which runs past
the southern side of the mine and tailings ponds, flows to the west
into the Rio Grande River approximately three miles downstream of the
tailings ponds. A once-popular multiple use watershed, the Red River
continues to be a fishery and is home to a state fish hatchery 3 miles
downstream of the Site. In addition, the river provides water for irrigation
and livestock watering, and serves as wildlife habitat. In 1983, the
Red River and the Rio Grande River in the vicinity of their confluence
were designated as a Wild and Scenic River by Congress. Two major (Columbine
Creek and Cabresto Creek) and numerous small tributaries enter the Red
River between the Molycorp mine and the tailings ponds. Further, numerous
wetlands have been documented in the area by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service, and several threatened or endangered species, including the
Mexican spotted owl, the mountain plover, and the bald eagle, may occur
near the Site.
- The Molybdenum Corporation of America (MCA) acquired mining rights
to Sulphur Gulch, now part of the Site, in 1920. Small-scale underground
mining operations were conducted until 1923, when MCA built a mill at
the facility. The underground workings continued to grow, and by 1954
extended over 35 miles at 14 production levels. By this time, all but
the lowest three production levels were designed to drain ground water
by gravity out a mile-long service portal (now closed) above the elevation
of the Red River. The lower three production levels gathered drainage
in a sump and this water was pumped to the service portal where it was
allowed to drain by gravity to the Red River.
- Underground mining operations were conducted until 1958, and resumed
in 1981, continuing through today. In addition, an open pit was developed
in 1965. During open pit mining operations, approximately 328 million
tons of potentially acid-generating waste rock have been excavated and
deposited in large piles surrounding the mine. After the molybdenum
is extracted at the mine through milling and concentrating operations,
the spent tailings are transported in a slurry inside a series of pipelines
to tailings ponds approximately six miles west of the mine. The pipelines
run parallel to the Red River along approximately six of the nine miles
of pipeline, in the flood plain of the river and within a few feet of
it in places. An estimated 95 million tons of fine-grained tailings
have been deposited in the four tailings ponds.
- After solids settled in the tailings ponds, waste water was discharged
through an arroyo to the Red River, approximately one mile south of
Pope Lake. This location became the permitted National Pollutant Discharge
Elimination System (NPDES) Outfall 001 in September 1993. Before Molycorp
constructed an ion exchange plant in 1983, waste water from the tailings
ponds was not treated before it was discharged to the Red River.
- On April 29, 1974, Molybdenum Corporation of America (MCA) shortened
its name to Molycorp, Inc. On July 29, 1977 Union Oil Company of
California acquired all the shares of Molycorp, Inc
- In 1983 Molycorp ceased open pit mining and began production from
a new underground mine at the Site. Overland flow from the mine that
is not intercepted or diverted to the underground workings has the potential
to discharge to the Red River. Currently, water from the mine is either
piped to the tailings ponds, enters the ground water through the underground
mine, or discharges to the Red River (especially during storms). Some
ground water below the mine is collected in a sump and pumped to the
mill for eventual discharge to the tailings pond. There are no bottom
liners beneath the mine waste rock piles or the tailings ponds, potentially
allowing infiltration of contaminated leachate to the underlying aquifers.
- Waste rock, airborne dust, tailings, runoff, and
leachate released from the Molycorp facility may have potentially contained
hazardous substances including cadmium, copper, lead, silver, zinc,
arsenic, chromium, cobalt, and sulfuric acid. These substances, under
certain conditions of dose, duration, or extent of exposure, may produce
adverse health and environmental effects, including the following:
Arsenic - Arsenic can damage many tissues,
including the nerves, stomach and intestines, and skin. Low levels
of exposure to inorganic arsenic may cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea;
decreased production of red and white blood cells; abnormal heart
rhythm; and blood vessel damage. Ingesting inorganic arsenic increases
the risk of skin cancer and tumors of the bladder, kidney, liver,
and lung. Arsenic is a known human carcinogen. Breathing inorganic
arsenic increases the risk of lung cancer.
Cadmium - Long-term exposure to low levels
of cadmium in air, food, or water can lead to a build up of cadmium
in the kidneys and possible kidney disease. Other potential long term
effects are lung damage and fragile bones. Cadmium is classified as
a probable human carcinogen.
Chromium - The most common forms of chromium
are chromium(0), chromium(III), and chromium(VI). Chromium(VI) is
more toxic than chromium(III). Long-term exposures to high or moderate
levels of chromium(VI) can damage the nose (bleeding, itching, sores)
and lungs, and it can increase the risk of lung cancer. Skin contact
with liquids or solids containing chromium(VI) may lead to skin ulcers.
Chromium(VI) is a known human carcinogen.
Cobalt - Long-term inhalation effects on
animals include lung damage and increased red blood cell counts. Long-term
ingestion of cobalt by animals has resulted in effects on the heart,
liver, kidneys, blood, and testes. Effects on the lungs, including
asthma, pneumonia, and wheezing, have been found in workers who breathed
high levels of cobalt in the air. The International Agency for Research
on Cancer has determined that cobalt is a possible carcinogen to humans.
Copper - Long-term exposure to copper dust
can irritate the nose, mouth, and eyes, and cause headaches, dizziness,
nausea, and diarrhea. Ingestion of higher than normal levels of copper
may cause vomiting and stomach cramps. Very young children are sensitive
to copper, and long-term exposure to high levels of copper in food
or water may cause liver damage and death.
Lead - Lead can affect almost every organ
and system in the body. The most sensitive is the central nervous
system, particularly in children. Lead also damages kidneys and the
immune system. The effects are the same whether it is inhaled or ingested.
Exposure to lead is more dangerous for young and unborn children.
Harmful effects include premature births, smaller babies, decreased
mental ability in the infant, learning difficulties, and reduced growth
in young children. These effects are more common after exposure to
high levels of lead. In adults, lead may decrease reaction time, cause
weakness in fingers, wrists, or ankles, and possibly affect the memory.
Lead may cause anemia. It can cause abortion and damage the male reproductive
system. Lead is classified as a probable human carcinogen.
Silver - Ingesting or inhaling silver compounds
over a long period can cause some areas of the skin and other body
tissues to turn gray or blue-gray. Exposure to dust containing relatively
high levels of silver compounds such as silver nitrate or silver oxide
may cause breathing problems, lung and throat irritation and stomach
pain. Skin contact with silver compounds has been found to cause mild
allergic reactions, such as rash, swelling, and inflammation, in some
Sulfuric acid - Sulfuric acid is corrosive
and causes localized effects on the skin, eyes, and the respiratory
and gastrointestinal tracts. Sulfuric acid contained in acid mine
drainage lowers the pH of ground and surface water, reducing its capacity
to support plants and wildlife, and it tends to mobilize metals contained
in soil and rock.
Zinc - Ingestion of large amounts of zinc
over time can cause anemia, pancreas damage, and lower levels of high
density lipoprotein cholesterol. Irritation was also observed on the
skin of rabbits, guinea pigs, and mice when exposed to some zinc compounds.
- Numerous spills from the pipeline have occurred. A 1981 Site Inspection
report by EPA referred to "constant" breakages of the tailings pipeline,
and in 1996 Molycorp reported to NMED that 239 leaks in the tailings
pipeline had occurred from 1966 through 1991. In 1980-81,
Molycorp moved the pipeline away from the river (up to approximately
1/4 mile) where feasible. Other actual or potential releases from the
mine have included uncontrolled runoff from the mine and seepage from
ground water affected by hazardous substances released by mining operations.
Molycorp has constructed containment systems to collect storm water
runoff. Both the shallow ground water and surface waters draining the
site, like the Red River, have potentially been impacted by acidic,
metals-laden waters released by mining operations.
- A 1966 baseline water quality survey of the Red River stated that
the chemical quality of the river was exceptional and that the water
was suitable for a wide range of beneficial uses, including domestic,
industrial, recreational, and trout propagation. U.S. Department of
Health, Education, and Welfare, Federal Water Pollution Control Administration,
A Water Quality Survey, Red River of the Rio Grande, New Mexico
(January 1966). In 1971, EPA conducted a study of the Red River and
concluded that the chemical quality and biological conditions of the
Red River remained very good, but that occasional breaks in the Molycorp
tailings pipelines had resulted in some degradation of river quality
and biota. EPA Region 6, Surveillance and Analysis Division, A Water
Quality Survey: Red River and Rio Grande, New Mexico (November
1971). The New Mexico Game and Fish Department discovered in the course
of routine population studies that fish were conspicuously absent in
the middle reach of the Red River where thriving populations once existed.
New Mexico Game & Fish Department, Fish Surveys of Red River (1960
and 1988). Specifically, 1960 fish census data indicate approximately
572 fish per mile estimated in the river, whereas the 1988 fish census
found no fish in this reach of the river. See NMED, Ground
Water Protection and Remediation Bureau, Expanded Site Inspection
Report on Molycorp, Inc. Questa Division, Taos County, New Mexico,
at 3-4 (October 20, 1995) ("ESI"). One recent study described population
levels of fish and benthic invertebrates higher than 1960 baseline conditions.
See Chadwick Ecological Consultants, Red River Aquatic Biological Monitoring,
2000. Such an increase in total biota does not, however, establish that
the watershed ecosystem is as healthy as in 1960 and previous years.
- Beginning in the late 1970s, EPA and the Federal Bureau of Land Management
(BLM) began documenting major impacts to the Red River due to mining
and mining-related activities. BLM's 1978-83 water quality study of
the Red River and the Rio Grande found a downstream increase in concentrations
of various constituents due to mining and mining-related activities.
Garn, H.S., Point and Nonpoint Source Trace Elements in
a Wild and Scenic River of Northern New Mexico, in Journal
of Soil and Water Conservation, Vol. 40, No. 5 (1985). In 1982,
EPA evaluated the Red River for potential impairment from metals loading,
and found that concentrations of total arsenic, cadmium, and silver
exceeded the EPA recommended criteria. EPA Office of Research and Development,
Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, Site Specific Water
Quality Assessment: Red River, New Mexico (1982).
- In 1992, the New Mexico Water Quality Control Commission submitted
a report to the United States Congress documenting elevated levels of
metals, including cadmium, copper, lead, silver, and zinc, near the
mine. New Mexico Water Quality Control Commission, Water Quality
and Water Pollution Control in New Mexico (1990 and 1992). Since
1992, at least four subsequent reports were prepared and submitted by
various state and Federal agencies, all further establishing significant
metals contamination in the Red River due to mine activities. See
ESI; EPA Ground Water Center for Excellence (GWCE), Report on Hydrological
Connection Associated with Molycorp Mining Activity, Questa, New Mexico
(February 1998) ("EPA Hydrological Report"); Allen, B.D. et al., Geochemistry
of the Red River Stream System Before and After Open-Pit Mining, Questa
Area, Taos County, New Mexico (Final Report prepared for the New
Mexico Office of the Natural Resources Trustee) (October 1999); NMED
Surface Water Quality Bureau, Red River Ground Water Investigation
- The NMED ESI conducted from April 1994 to October 1995 (cited in Paragraph
21) involved sampling various media for the presence and distribution
of hazardous substances in the surface water, ground water, soil, and
air. NMED concluded that both the mine waste rock and tailings ponds
contained hazardous substances and that a release of these hazardous
substances to ground water and surface water in the vicinity of the
mine had occurred.
- The EPA Hydrological Report conducted from 1997 to 1998 found that
a probable hydrological connection existed, subject to specific sampling
verification, between the tailings ponds and the Red River, as well
as between the mine waste rock piles, the naturally occurring erosional
scars, and the Red River seep discharges. See EPA Ground Water Center
for Excellence (GWCE), Report on Hydrological Connection Associated
with Molycorp Mining Activity, Questa, New Mexico (February 1998) ("EPA
- The Site has been proposed to the National Priorities List (NPL),
40 C.F.R. Part 300, App. B., in accordance with Section 105 of CERCLA,
42 U.S.C. § 9605. National Priorities List for Uncontrolled
Hazardous Waste Sites, Proposed Rule No. 32, 65 Fed. Reg. 30,489 (May
11, 2000). Molycorp submitted comments in opposition to that proposal
on July 10, 2000.
VII. CONCLUSIONS OF LAW AND DETERMINATIONS
- The Site is a "facility" as defined in Section 101(9) of CERCLA, 42
U.S.C. § 9601(9).
- Materials at the Site and disposed of at the Site, including the materials
described in Paragraph 19, and the constituents thereof, include "hazardous
substances" as defined in Section 101(14) of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. § 9601(14).
- The presence of hazardous substances at the Site, and the past, present
or potential movement of hazardous substances at or emanating from the
Site, constitute actual and/or threatened "releases" as defined in Section
101(22) of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. § 9601(22).
- Molycorp is a "person" as defined in Section 101(21) of CERCLA, 42
U.S.C. § 9601(21).
- Molycorp is a potentially
under Sections 104, 107 and 122 of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. §§ 9604, 9607 and
9622. Molycorp is the current owner and operator of the Site.
- Molycorp's operations have caused the release of hazardous substances
into air, soil, surface water, and ground water at the Site.
- The actions required by this Order are necessary to protect the public
health or welfare or the environment, or in the public interest, 42
U.S.C. § 9622(a), are consistent with CERCLA and the NCP, 42 U.S.C.
§§ 9604(a)(1), 9622(a), and will expedite effective remedial action
and minimize litigation, 42 U.S.C. § 9622(a).
- By providing a copy of this Order to the State, EPA is notifying the
State that this Order is being issued and that EPA is the lead agency
for coordinating, overseeing, and enforcing the response action required
by the Order.
IX. WORK TO BE PERFORMED
- All Work performed under this Order must be under the direction and
supervision of qualified personnel. Within 21 days of the effective
date of this Order, and before the Work outlined below begins, Molycorp
must notify EPA in writing of the names, titles, and qualifications
of the supervising personnel of its prime contractors and laboratories
to be used in carrying out the Work. Within 7 days of selection, and
at least 7 days before commencement of the Work, Molycorp must notify
EPA in writing of the names, titles and qualifications of supervisory
personnel of any subcontractor. The qualifications of the persons undertaking
the Work for Molycorp will be subject to EPA's review and disapproval.
This Order is contingent on Molycorp's demonstration to EPA's satisfaction
that Molycorp is qualified to perform properly and promptly the actions
set forth in this Order. If EPA disapproves in writing of any supervising
person's qualifications, Molycorp must notify EPA of the identity and
qualifications of the replacement within 21 days of the written notice.
If EPA subsequently disapproves of the replacement, EPA may terminate
this Order and conduct a complete RI/FS, and seek reimbursement for
costs and penalties from Molycorp. During the course of the RI/FS, Molycorp
must notify EPA in writing of any changes or additions in the supervising
personnel used to carry out the Work, providing their names, titles,
and qualifications. EPA has the same right to disapprove changes and
additions to supervisory personnel as it has regarding the initial notification.
- Molycorp must conduct activities and submit Deliverables as provided
by the Statement of Work (SOW), as implemented by the Work Plan, for
the development of the RI/FS. All such Work must be conducted in accordance
with CERCLA; the NCP; EPA guidance, including the "Interim Final Guidance
for Conducting Remedial Investigations and Feasibility Studies under
CERCLA" (OSWER Directive # 9355.3-01), guidance documents referenced
therein, and guidance documents referenced in the SOW, as may be amended
or modified by EPA; the SOW; the standards, specifications and other
requirements of work plans and sampling and analysis plan approved by
EPA; and schedules approved by EPA.
- Molycorp must make all submissions to EPA in accordance with the schedule
contained in the SOW or other schedules approved by EPA.
- All major deliverables (as listed in Paragraph 82) that Molycorp submits
to EPA must contain the following statement, signed by a responsible
corporate official or by Molycorp's Project Coordinator (as named and
approved under Paragraph 70):
To the best of my knowledge, after thorough
investigation, I certify that the information contained in or accompanying
this submission is true, accurate and complete. I am aware that
there are significant penalties for submitting false information,
including the possibility of fine and imprisonment for knowing violations
In all other instances in which this Order requires a submission
to EPA, the submission must be signed by a responsible corporate official
of Molycorp or by the Project Coordinator. Notwithstanding such a
delegation of responsibility, Molycorp remains liable for the proper
performance of the Work required by this Order. For purposes of this
Order, a responsible corporate official is an official who is in charge
of a principal business function.
- After review of any submission, EPA may: (a) approve (in whole or
in part) the submission; (b) approve the submission but require modifications,
which may include deletions or additions prepared by EPA, which Molycorp
must incorporate into the text of the submission as directed by EPA
in writing; (c) disapprove (in whole or in part) the submission
and direct Molycorp to resubmit the submission after incorporating EPA's
modifications, which may include deletions or additions prepared by
EPA, which Molycorp must incorporate into the text of the submission
exactly as directed by EPA in writing; (d) disapprove the submission
and assume responsibility for performing all or any part of the RI/FS;
or (e) any combination of the above. Once approved by EPA in writing,
and subject to the result of any dispute resolution, a submission or
an approved portion of a submission is incorporated into and fully enforceable
under this Order, and Molycorp must proceed to take any action required
by the submission.
- In the event of approval or approval with modifications by EPA, Molycorp
must proceed to take any action required by the submission, as approved
or modified by EPA.
- Within 21 days of receipt of a notice of disapproval or approval with
modifications, or within the time specified by EPA in its notice of
disapproval or approval with modifications, Molycorp must correct the
deficiencies and resubmit the submission for approval. Notwithstanding
the notice of disapproval or approval with modifications, Molycorp must
proceed, at the written direction of EPA, to take any action required
by any non-deficient portion of the submission.
- If, on resubmission by Molycorp, EPA again disapproves a previously
disapproved submission, EPA may deem the submission untimely and inadequate,
and stipulated penalties will begin to accrue as of the date of EPA's
notice of disapproval under this paragraph. EPA also retains the right
to perform its own studies, complete the RI/FS (or any portion of the
RI/FS) under CERCLA and the NCP, and seek reimbursement from Molycorp
for its costs, and to seek any other appropriate relief.
- If EPA takes over some of the tasks, but not the preparation of the
RI/FS, Molycorp must fully incorporate and integrate information supplied
by EPA into the final RI/FS report.
- Failure of EPA to comment on, approve of, or disapprove of Molycorp's
submissions within a specified period will not constitute approval by
EPA. Any failure by EPA to comment on, approve or disapprove any submission
before the scheduled date of commencement of Work, when approval is
required by that date under the terms of the SOW, operates to extend
the Schedule until EPA so acts. In such an instance, the Schedule will
be extended by the number of days between the date approval was required
and the date EPA acts.
- Off-site shipments of hazardous substances.
(a) Before any off-site shipment of hazardous substances
from the Site for disposal related to this Order (including actions
performed under Other Permits pursuant to Paragraph 8), Molycorp must
provide written notification of the shipment to EPA's designated Remedial
Project Manager (RPM). This notification must include evidence that
Molycorp has inquired of the appropriate regulatory authority regarding
the recipient facility's present compliance with all applicable environmental
permits and/or interim status requirements, and the results of such
inquiry. This notification requirement does not apply to any such
off-site shipments when the total volume of such shipments will not
exceed 10 cubic yards.
(b) For an off-site, out-of-state shipment of hazardous substances
from the Site for disposal related to this Order (including actions
performed under Other Permits pursuant to Paragraph 8) that exceeds
a total volume of 10 cubic yards, the written notification described
in part (a) of this paragraph must also be submitted to the appropriate
state environmental official in the receiving state, and must include
the following additional information where available: (1) the name
and location of the facility to which the hazardous substances are
to be shipped; (2) the type and quantity of the hazardous substances
to be shipped; (3) the expected schedule for the shipment of the hazardous
substances; and (4) the method of transportation. Molycorp must notify
the same official in the receiving state of major changes in the shipment
plan, such as a decision to ship the hazardous substances to another
facility within the same state, or to a facility in another state.
(c) The identity of the receiving facility and state will be determined
by Molycorp following the award of the contract for the remedial investigation
and feasibility study or removal activities. Molycorp must provide
all relevant information on the off-site shipments of hazardous substances
from the Site for disposal related to this Order, including information
under the categories noted in Paragraph 45(b) above, as soon as practicable
after the award of the contract and at least 14 days before the hazardous
substances are actually shipped.
X. EPA'S RISK ASSESSMENTS
- EPA will perform the baseline human health risk assessment and the
ecological risk assessment. Molycorp must support EPA in the effort
by providing various information to EPA through the Technical Coordination
Group process as outlined in this Order and SOW. The
major components of the risk assessments include contaminant identification,
exposure assessment, toxicity assessment, and human health and ecological
risk characterization. EPA will provide, after review of Molycorp's
site characterization summary, sufficient information concerning the
baseline risks such that Molycorp can begin drafting the Feasibility
Study Report and the Memorandum on Remedial Action Objectives. This
information will normally be in the form of two or more risk assessment
memoranda prepared by EPA. One memorandum will generally include a list
of the chemicals of concern for human health and ecological effects
and the corresponding toxicity values. Another will list the current
and potential future exposure scenarios, exposure assumptions, and exposure
point concentrations that EPA plans to use in the risk assessments.
The public, including Molycorp, may comment on these memoranda.
- After considering any significant comments received, EPA will prepare
a risk assessment report based on the data collected during the site
characterization. EPA will release this report to the public at the
same time it releases the final RI report. Both reports will be put
into the administrative record for the site.
- EPA will respond to all significant comments on the memoranda or the
risk assessment that are resubmitted during the formal comment period
on the Proposed Plan in the Responsiveness Summary of the Record of
XI. MODIFICATION OF THE WORK PLAN
- If, at any time during the implementation of this Order, Molycorp
identifies a need for additional data, Molycorp must submit a written
proposal to the RPM within 20 days of identification. The proposal must
outline the additional data needs, state the general plan to collect
or generate the additional data, identify specific changes or additions
to relevant approved plans, and describe necessary schedule modifications.
EPA, in consultation with the Project Coordinator, will determine whether
the additional data will be collected and whether it will be incorporated
into reports and deliverables.
- In the event of conditions posing an immediate threat to human health
or welfare or the environment, Molycorp must notify EPA and the State
immediately. In the event of unanticipated or changed circumstances
at the Site, Molycorp must notify the RPM by telephone within 24 hours
of discovery of the unanticipated or changed circumstances. In addition
to its authority under the NCP, if EPA determines that the immediate
threat or the unanticipated or changed circumstances warrant changes
in the work plan, EPA may modify or amend the work plan in writing accordingly,
or may direct Molycorp to submit a proposed amended work plan within
a specified amount of time. Molycorp must perform the work plan as modified
or amended and approved by EPA.
- EPA may determine that, in addition to tasks defined in the initially
approved Work Plan, other work may be necessary to accomplish the objectives
of the RI/FS as set forth in the Statement of Work. EPA may require
that Molycorp perform such work in addition to those required by the
initially approved Work Plan, including any approved modifications,
if it determines that such actions are necessary for a complete RI/FS.
Molycorp must confirm its willingness to perform the additional work
in writing to EPA within seven days of receipt of the EPA request, or
Molycorp may invoke dispute resolution. Subject to EPA resolution of
any dispute, Molycorp must implement the additional tasks that EPA determines
are necessary. The additional work must be completed according to the
standards, specifications, and schedule set forth or approved by EPA
in a written modification to the Work Plan or written Work Plan supplement.
EPA reserves the right to conduct the work itself at any point, to seek
reimbursement from Molycorp, and/or to seek any other appropriate relief.
- EPA recognizes that Molycorp maintains ongoing operations at the
Site. Molycorp must conduct ongoing operation, management, and maintenance
activities at the Site in a manner that minimizes interference with
activities under this Order to the extent practicable. If, however,
Molycorp determines that its ongoing operation, management and maintenance
activities at the Site, or modifications of those activities, may interfere
with timely implementation of actions required under this Order or plans
approved in accordance with this Order, or may substantially impact
the quality or type of data collected, Molycorp must notify EPA as soon
as practicable, but at least 10 days before implementation of the proposed
activities. The notice must generally describe the proposed operation,
management or maintenance activities, and the schedule for them; the
potential interference with or impacts on implementation of required
actions or data collection under this Order, including interference
with schedules; modifications or amendments, as may be necessary, to
affected plans or schedules, and, as applicable, ways to minimize these
interferences or impacts; and alternatives to the proposed activities.
EPA must respond to Molycorp's notice in writing within 15 days of receipt.
The RPM and Molycorp's Project Coordinator must attempt to resolve all
issues related to the alleged interference or impact, including any
proposed modifications to any approved plan or schedule.
- If during implementation of the field work required under this Order
Molycorp identifies a technical improvement in investigative procedures,
Molycorp may complete and submit to EPA a Workplan Refinement Notice.
The Workplan Refinement Notice must provide a description of the proposed
refinement, a rationale for use of such refinement, a discussion of
technical merit, any potential or actual impact on project schedule
or costs, and impacts on other approved plans. EPA may indicate approval
by signing and dating the signed Workplan Refinement Notice submitted
to EPA. Molycorp may not conduct any activity incorporating a change
proposed by Workplan Refinement Notice until the notice is approved
by the RPM.
XII. EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND NOTIFICATION OF RELEASES
- If activities conducted under this Order cause or threaten to cause
a release of hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants from
the Site that presents or may present an endangerment to the public
health, welfare, or the environment, Molycorp must immediately take
all appropriate action to prevent, abate or minimize the release and
endangerment caused or threatened by the release. Molycorp must take
these actions in accordance with all applicable provisions of this Order,
including the Health and Safety Plan. In addition to notifications otherwise
required by law, Molycorp also must immediately notify the RPM of the
incident and related Site conditions. In addition, Molycorp must submit
a written report to EPA within seven (7) days after each release, setting
forth the events that occurred and the measures taken or to be taken
to mitigate the release or endangerment caused or threatened by the
release and to prevent the recurrence of such an event.
XIII. QUALITY ASSURANCE
- Molycorp must ensure that work performed, samples taken and analyses
conducted conform to the requirements of the Statement of Work and guidance
documents identified therein. Molycorp must ensure that field personnel
used by Molycorp are properly trained in the use of field equipment
and in chain of custody procedures.
- To provide quality assurance and maintain quality control regarding
all samples collected pursuant to this Order, Molycorp must:
(a) Ensure that all contracts with laboratories utilized by Molycorp
for analysis of samples taken in accordance with this Order provide
for access of EPA personnel and EPA authorized representatives.
(b) Ensure that all laboratories utilized by Molycorp for analysis of
samples taken in accordance with this Order perform analyses according
to EPA methods or alternative methods satisfactory to EPA.
(c) Ensure that all laboratories utilized by Molycorp for analysis of
samples taken in accordance with this Order participate in an EPA or
EPA-approved QA/QC program or alternative methods as determined by EPA.
As part of the QA/QC program and upon request by EPA, such laboratories
must perform, at no expense to EPA, analyses of samples provided by
EPA to demonstrate the quality of each laboratory's data.
XIV. FINAL RI/FS, PROPOSED PLAN, PUBLIC COMMENT,
RECORD OF DECISION, ADMINISTRATIVE RECORD
- EPA retains the responsibility for the approval and release to the
public of the RI/FS report. EPA retains responsibility for the preparation
and release to the public of the proposed plan and record of decision
in accordance with CERCLA and the NCP.
- EPA will provide Molycorp with the proposed RI/FS report, proposed
plan and record of decision, and allow Molycorp 14 days to comment.
After consideration of Molycorp's comments, EPA may release these documents
in final form to the public.
- EPA will compile the administrative record file for selection of the
remedial action. Molycorp must submit to EPA documents developed during
the course of the RI/FS upon which selection of the response action
may be based. Molycorp must provide copies of plans, task memoranda
for further action, quality assurance memoranda and audits, raw data,
field notes, laboratory analytical reports and other reports. Molycorp
must also submit any previous studies conducted under state, local or
other federal authorities relating to selection of the response action,
and all communications between Molycorp and state, local or other federal
authorities concerning selection of the response action. EPA has established
a community information repository near the site, which will house one
copy of the administrative record and other documents that may be of
public interest. The address of the repository is:
Village of Questa Buildings
2500 Old State Road 3
P.O. Box 260
Questa, NM 87556
- Final acceptance by EPA of Section XXIII (Reimbursement of Past Costs)
of this Order is subject to Section 122(i) of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. § 9622(i),
which requires EPA to publish notice of the proposed settlement in the
Federal Register, to provide persons who are not parties to the proposed
settlement an opportunity to comment on the cost recovery component
of the settlement, and to consider comments filed in determining whether
to consent to the proposed settlement. After consideration of any comments
submitted during the thirty day public comment period held in accordance
with Section 122(i) of CERCLA, EPA may withhold consent to all or part
of Section XXIII of this Order if comments received disclose facts or
considerations indicating that Section XXIII of this Order is inappropriate,
improper or inadequate. Otherwise, Section XXIII will become effective
when EPA issues notice to Respondents that EPA is not withdrawing from
this section of the Order.
XV. PROGRESS REPORTS AND MEETINGS
- Molycorp must make presentations at, and participate in, meetings
at the request of EPA during the initiation, conduct, and completion
of the RI/FS. In addition to discussion of the technical aspects of
the RI/FS, topics will include anticipated problems or new issues. Meeting
dates will be coordinated by the EPA RPM and the Project Coordinator.
- In addition to the deliverables set forth in this Order, Molycorp
must provide to EPA monthly progress reports by the 10th
day of the following month. At a minimum, with respect to the preceding
month, these progress reports must: (1) describe the actions taken to
comply with this Order during that month; (2) include all results of
sampling and tests and all other data received by Molycorp; (3) provide
an index of raw data collected during the month; (4) describe work planned
for the next two months with schedules relating such work to the overall
project schedule for RI/FS completion; and (5) describe all problems
encountered and any anticipated problems, any actual or anticipated
delays, and solutions developed and implemented to address any actual
or anticipated problems or delays.
- If EPA determines that any monthly report is deficient, the RPM will
notify Molycorp within 10 days of receipt of the monthly report. Molycorp
must submit a revised monthly report within 10 days of receipt of notice
XVI. SAMPLING, ACCESS, AND DATA AVAILABILITY/ADMISSIBILITY
- EPA will make available to Molycorp validated data generated by EPA,
in accordance with this Order, unless the data are exempt from disclosure
under any federal or state law or regulation. Existing data that Molycorp
seeks to use as part of the Work performed under this Order will be
provided to EPA in a GIS compatible format to the extent feasible, with
all GIS data sets in a UTM or State Plane coordinate system. EPA recognizes
that survey data at the Molycorp Mine Site in Questa has been generated
historically in the mine coordinate system and that conversion of this
data to a different coordination system is inherently subject to errors.
- Molycorp must orally notify EPA at least 15 days before conducting
significant field events as described in the Statement of Work, Work
Plan, or sampling and analysis plan. At the oral or written request
of EPA or the State, or at the request of EPA's oversight assistant
(named in accordance with Paragraph 74), Molycorp must allow split or
duplicate samples to be taken by EPA or the State (and their authorized
representatives) of any samples collected by Molycorp in implementing
this Order. All split samples of Molycorp will be analyzed by the methods
identified in the SOW.
- At all reasonable times, EPA and its authorized representatives have
the authority to enter and freely move about all property at the Site
(and off-site areas where work is being performed), and to use a camera,
sound recording device or other documentary equipment, for these purposes:
inspecting conditions, activities, the results of activities, records,
operating logs, and contracts related to the Site or Molycorp and its
contractor as authorized by this Order;
reviewing the progress of Molycorp in carrying out the terms of this
conducting tests as EPA or its authorized representatives deem necessary;
verifying the data submitted to EPA by Molycorp.
EPA and its representatives entering the Site will comply with applicable
regulations promulgated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(OSHA) and the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA). Molycorp
must allow these persons to inspect and copy all records, files, photographs,
documents, sampling and monitoring data, and other writings related
to work undertaken in carrying out this Order. Nothing herein may
be interpreted as limiting or affecting EPA's right of entry or inspection
authority under federal law. All parties with access to the Site under
this paragraph must comply with all approved health and safety plans.
Molycorp may assert a claim of business confidentiality covering
part or all of the information submitted to EPA in accordance with
the terms of this Order under 40 C.F.R. Section 2.203, provided the
claim is allowed by Section 104(e)(7) of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. § 9604(e)(7).
This claim must be asserted in the manner described by 40 C.F.R. Section
2.203(b) and substantiated at the time the claim is made. Information
determined to be confidential by EPA will be given the protection
specified in 40 C.F.R. Part 2. If no such claim accompanies the information
when it is submitted to EPA, it may be made available to the public
by EPA or the state without further notice to Molycorp. Molycorp agrees
not to assert confidentiality claims with respect to any data related
to environmental site conditions, or site features or conditions that
could cause a release to the environment; site health and safety;
archaeological, historical, or cultural resources; sampling; or monitoring.
In entering into this Order, Molycorp agrees not to object to any
data gathered, generated, or evaluated by EPA, the state or Molycorp
in the performance or oversight of the work, if the data has been
verified according to the quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC)
procedures required by the Order or any EPA-approved work plans or
sampling and analysis plans. If Molycorp objects to any other data
relating to the RI/FS, Molycorp must submit to EPA a report that identifies
and explains its objections, describes all acceptable uses of the
data, and identifies any limitations to the use of the data. The report
must be submitted to EPA within 15 days of the monthly progress report
containing the data. This paragraph does not limit Molycorp's right
to object to the relevance, use, or interpretation of the data.
If any part of the Site, or an off-site area that is to be used for
access or is within the scope of the RI/FS, is not owned by Molycorp,
Molycorp must obtain, or use its best efforts to obtain, site access
agreements from the present owner(s) within 30 days of the effective
date of this Order or within 30 days of identifying the need for such
access, if that need is not identified until after the effective date
of this Order. EPA will assist in such efforts with respect to land
owned by the United States. The agreements must provide access for
EPA, its contractors and oversight officials, the state and its contractors,
and Molycorp or its authorized representatives, and must specify that
Molycorp is not EPA's representative with respect to liability associated
with site activities. Molycorp must provide a copy of the pertinent
access agreement to EPA before initiating field activities on any
property that is the subject of an access agreement. Molycorp's best
efforts include providing reasonable compensation to any off-site
property owner. If access agreements are not obtained within 30 days
of the effective date, Molycorp must immediately notify EPA of its
failure to obtain access. If Molycorp cannot obtain access agreements,
EPA may obtain access for Molycorp, perform the field activities with
EPA contractors, or terminate the Order. If EPA performs the field
activities with EPA contractors and does not terminate the Order,
Molycorp must perform all other activities not requiring access to
that Site, and must reimburse EPA for all costs incurred in performing
the activities. Molycorp additionally must integrate the results of
any such activities undertaken by EPA into its reports and deliverables.
Further, Molycorp agrees to indemnify the U.S. Government as specified
in Section XXVIII of this Order. In accordance with Paragraph 95,
Molycorp also must reimburse EPA for all costs and attorney fees incurred
by the United States to obtain access for Molycorp.
XVII. DESIGNATION OF PROJECT COORDINATOR AND RPM
- On or before the effective date of this Order, Molycorp must designate
a Project Coordinator, who will be responsible for administering all
of Molycorp's Work required by the Order. Molycorp must submit the designated
Project Coordinator's name, address, telephone number, and qualifications
to EPA. To the greatest extent possible, during work on the Site the
Project Coordinator must be present at the Site or readily available.
EPA retains the right to at any time disapprove of any Project Coordinator
selected by Molycorp. If EPA disapproves in writing of a selected Project
Coordinator, Molycorp must designate a new Project Coordinator and notify
EPA of that person's name, address, telephone number, and qualifications
within seven days following EPA's disapproval.
- Molycorp has the right to change its Project Coordinator. At least
seven days before the change, EPA must be notified in writing of the
designated Project Coordinator's name, address, telephone number, and
- EPA has designated Mark Purcell of the EPA Region 6 Superfund Division
as its Remedial Project Manager (RPM) for the Site. EPA's RPM has the
authority lawfully vested in an RPM and On-Scene Coordinator (OSC) by
the NCP. In addition, the RPM has the authority, consistent with the
NCP, to halt any work required by this Order, and to take any necessary
response action upon determining that conditions at the site may present
an immediate and substantial endangerment to public health or welfare
or the environment. The absence of the RPM from the area under study
pursuant to this Order is not cause for the stoppage or delay of work.
EPA has the right to change its designated RPM. Molycorp must be notified
of the change in writing.
- To the greatest extent possible, communications between Molycorp and
EPA should be directed to the Project Coordinator and RPM in writing.
In addition to paper copies, Molycorp shall provide to the EPA a copy
of all submissions on 3.5-inch computer disks or CDs, or by electronic
transmission. The text shall be in a format compatible with either WordPerfect©
9 or later versions, or Microsoft© Word© 2000 or later versions,
and data shall be in a format compatible with either Lotus 1-2-3©
release 9.5 for Windows© or later versions, or Microsoft©
Excel© 2000 or later versions. Communications include all documents,
reports, notices, approvals, and other correspondence submitted under
this Order. All communications submitted under this Order must be directed
(a) Documents to be submitted to EPA shall be sent to:
Mark Purcell (6SF-LT)
Remedial Project Manager
EPA Region 6
1445 Ross Avenue
Dallas TX 752027
and simultaneously to
Mary Ann Menetrey
New Mexico Environment Department
P.O. Box 26110
Santa Fe NM 87502
Mining and Minerals Division
New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department
1220 South St. Francis
Santa Fe NM 87505
Regional Enforcement Officer
U.S. Department of the Interior
Post Office Box 649
Albuquerque, New Mexico 87103
and any other addresses EPA may designate in writing.
(b) Documents to be submitted to Molycorp should be sent to:
P.O. Box 469
3 ½ miles east of Questa on State Road 38
Questa, New Mexico 87556
Molycorp must notify EPA in writing of any change in this address.
- EPA will arrange for a qualified person to assist in its oversight
and review of the conduct of the RI/FS, as required by Section 104(a)
of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. § 9604(a). The oversight assistant may observe
work and make inquiries in the absence of EPA, but is not authorized
to modify the work plan.
XVIII. OTHER APPLICABLE LAWS
- Molycorp must comply with all applicable local, state, and federal
laws and regulations when performing the RI/FS. No local, state, or
federal permit is required for any portion of any action conducted entirely
on site, including studies, if the action is selected and carried out
in compliance with Section 121 of CERCLA.
XIX. RECORD PRESERVATION
- All records and documents in EPA's and Molycorp's possession that
relate to the conduct of work under this Order must be preserved for
the duration of this Order and for at least 10 years after commencement
of construction of any remedial action. Molycorp must acquire and retain
copies of all documents that relate to the conduct of work under this
Order and are in the possession of its employees, agents, accountants,
contractors, or attorneys. After this 10-year period, Molycorp must
notify EPA at least 90 days before the documents are scheduled to be
destroyed. If EPA requests that the documents be saved, Molycorp must,
at no cost to EPA, give EPA the documents or copies of the documents.
XX. DISPUTE RESOLUTION
- Any disputes concerning activities or deliverables required under
this Order will be resolved as follows:
(a) The RPM and the Project Coordinator should first attempt to resolve
informally all matters in dispute. Whenever possible, the RPM and the
Project Coordinator are to operate by consensus.
(b) If the RPM and the Project Coordinator cannot resolve a dispute
within 24 hours, or if Molycorp objects to an EPA notice of deficiency
or any other decision made by EPA under this Order, Molycorp may submit
to EPA's RPM a written notice of objection within 14 days of receipt
of EPA's notice or decision. Molycorp's written objection must define
the issue in dispute and state the basis of Molycorp's objections. EPA
then has 21 days to provide Molycorp with a written
response addressing Molycorp's objections. EPA and Molycorp then have
an additional 14 days to reach agreement on the issue in dispute. EPA
and Molycorp may agree to utilize, at Molycorp's expense, the services
of a third-party mediator in their effort to reach agreement.
(c) If an agreement is not reached within 14 days after EPA provides
Molycorp with a written response to Molycorp's written objections, Molycorp
may request a determination by EPA's Chief of the Louisiana/New Mexico
Branch of the Superfund Division, EPA Region 6 ("Branch Chief"). The
Branch Chief's determination will be in writing. Within two days of
receiving the Branch Chief's determination, Molycorp may request a review
by the Director of the Superfund Division, EPA Region 6 ("Division Director")
of any determination made by the Branch Chief. The Division Director's
decision is EPA's final decision. Molycorp must proceed in accordance
with EPA's final decision regarding the matter in dispute, regardless
of whether Molycorp agrees with the decision. If Molycorp does not agree
to perform or does not actually perform the work in accordance with
EPA's final decision, EPA reserves the right in its sole discretion
to conduct the work itself, to seek reimbursement from Molycorp, to
seek enforcement of the decision, to seek stipulated penalties, and
to seek any other appropriate relief.
(d) EPA will consider all objections, responses, and determinations
for inclusion in the administrative record, in accordance with 40 C.F.R.
- While a matter is pending in dispute resolution, Molycorp is not relieved
of its obligations to perform and conduct activities and submit deliverables
on the schedule set forth in the work plan. The invocation of dispute
resolution does not stay the accrual of stipulated penalties under this
XXI. DELAY IN PERFORMANCE/STIPULATED PENALTIES
- For each day that Molycorp fails to complete a deliverable in a timely
manner or fails to produce a deliverable of acceptable quality, or otherwise
fails to comply with the requirements of this Consent Order, Molycorp
will be liable for stipulated penalties as specified in this Section
XXI. Penalties begin to accrue on the day that performance is due or
a violation occurs, and extend through the period of correction. Where
a revised submission by Molycorp is required, stipulated penalties will
continue to accrue until a satisfactory deliverable is produced. EPA
will provide written notice for violations that are not based on timeliness;
nonetheless, penalties will accrue from the day a violation commences.
Payment will be due within 30 days of receipt of a demand letter from
- Molycorp must pay interest on the unpaid balance, which will begin
to accrue at the end of the 30-day period, at the rate established by
the Department of Treasury in accordance with 30 U.S.C. Section 3717.
Molycorp must further pay a handling charge of 1 percent, to be assessed
at the end of each 31 day period, and a 6 percent per annum penalty
charge, to be assessed if the penalty is not paid in full within 90
days after it is due.
- Molycorp must make all payments by forwarding a check to:
EPA Superfund - Molycorp Site (DL)
P.O. Box 360582M
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15251
ATTN: COLLECTION OFFICER FOR SUPERFUND
Checks should identify the name of the site, the site identification
number, the account number, and the title of this Order. A copy of the
check and any transmittal letter must be forwarded to the RPM.
- For the following major deliverables, stipulated penalties will accrue
in the amount of $1000 per day, per violation, for the first 14 days
of noncompliance; $1500 per day, per violation, for the 15th
through 30th days of noncompliance; and $5000
per day, per violation, for all violations lasting beyond 30 days.
1) An original and any revised work plan.
2) An original and any revised sampling and analysis plan.
3) An original and any revised remedial investigation report.
4) An original and any revised treatability testing work plan.
5) An original and any revised treatability study sampling and analysis
6) An original and any revised feasibility study report.
- For the following interim deliverables, stipulated penalties will
accrue in the amount of $500 per day, per violation, for the first 7
days of noncompliance; $750 per day, per violation, for the 8th
through 14th days of noncompliance; $1200 per
day, per violation, for the 15th through 30th
days of noncompliance; and $2000 per day, per violation, for all violations
lasting beyond 30 days.
1) Technical memorandum on modeling of site characteristics.
2) Preliminary site characterization summary.
3) Summary of RI data.
4) Identification of candidate technologies memorandum.
5) Treatability testing statement of work.
6) Treatability study evaluation report.
7) Memorandum on Remedial Action Objectives.
8) Memoranda on development and preliminary screening of alternatives,
assembled alternatives screening results, and final screening.
9) Report on comparative analysis of alternatives
- For the monthly progress reports, stipulated penalties will accrue
in the amount of $100 per day, per violation, for the first 7 days of
noncompliance; $500 per day, per violation, for the 8th through
14th days of noncompliance; $1000 per day, per violation,
for the 15th through 30th days of noncompliance;
and $1500 per day, per violation, for all violations lasting beyond
- Molycorp may dispute EPA's right to penalties by invoking the dispute
resolution procedures under Section XX. Penalties will accrue but need
not be paid during the dispute resolution period. If Molycorp does not
prevail upon resolution, all penalties are due to EPA within 30 days
of resolution of the dispute. If Molycorp prevails upon resolution,
the penalties at issue in the dispute resolution need not be paid. EPA
in its discretion may forgive all or part of any stipulated penalties
under this Order.
- The stipulated penalties provisions do not preclude EPA from pursuing
any other remedies or sanctions available to EPA because of Molycorp's
failure to comply with this Order, including conduct of all or part
of the RI/FS by EPA. Payment of stipulated penalties does not
alter Molycorp's obligation to complete performance under this Order
XXII. FORCE MAJEURE
- Molycorp's activities under this Order must be performed within the
time limits set forth in this Order and in the attached SOW, unless
performance is delayed by events constituting a force majeure. "Force
majeure," for purposes of this Order, is defined as any event arising
from causes entirely beyond the control of Molycorp or any entity controlled
by Molycorp, including contractors and subcontractors, that delays the
timely performance of any obligation under this Order notwithstanding
Molycorp's best efforts to avoid the delay. The requirement that Molycorp
exercise "best efforts to avoid the delay" includes using best efforts
to anticipate any potential force majeure event and best efforts to
address the effects of any potential force majeure event (1) as it is
occurring and (2) after it occurs, so that the delay is minimized to
the greatest extent practicable. Examples of events that are not force
majeure events include increased costs or expenses of any work to be
performed under this Order or the financial difficulty of Molycorp to
perform any work.
- If any event occurs or has occurred that may delay the performance
of any obligation under this Order, whether or not caused by a force
majeure event, Molycorp must notify by telephone the Remedial Project
Manager or, in her absence, the Director of the Superfund Division,
EPA Region 6, within 48 hours of when Molycorp knew or should have known
of the event that might cause a delay. Within seven days thereafter,
Molycorp must provide in writing the reasons for the delay; the anticipated
duration of the delay; all actions taken or to be taken to prevent or
minimize the delay; a schedule for implementation of any measures to
be taken to mitigate the effect of the delay; and a statement as to
whether, in the opinion of Molycorp, the event may cause or contribute
to an endangerment to public health, welfare or the environment. Molycorp
must exercise best efforts to avoid or minimize any delay and any effects
of a delay. Failure to comply with the above requirements will preclude
Molycorp from asserting any claim of force majeure.
- If EPA agrees that the delay or anticipated delay is attributable
to force majeure, the time for performance of the obligations under
this Order that are directly affected by the force majeure event will
be extended by agreement of the parties, in accordance with Paragraph
117 of this Order, for a period of time not to exceed the actual duration
of the delay caused by the force majeure event. An extension of the
time for performance of the obligation directly affected by the force
majeure event will not, of itself, extend the time for performance of
any subsequent obligation.
- If EPA does not agree that the delay or anticipated delay has been
or will be caused by a force majeure event, or does not agree with Molycorp
on the length of the extension, the issue will be subject to the dispute
resolution procedures set forth in section XX of this Order. In any
such proceeding, to qualify for a force majeure defense, Molycorp will
have the burden of demonstrating by a preponderance of the evidence
that the delay or anticipated delay has been or will be caused by a
force majeure event, that the duration of the delay was or will be warranted
under the circumstances, that Molycorp did exercise or is exercising
due diligence by using its best efforts to avoid and mitigate the effects
of the delay, and that Molycorp complied with the requirements of Paragraph
- If Molycorp carries the burden set forth in Paragraph 90, the delay
at issue will be deemed not to be a violation of the affected obligation
of this Order.
XIII. REIMBURSEMENT OF PAST COST
- Within 15 days of the effective date of this Order, Molycorp must
remit a certified or cashier's check to EPA in the amount of $200,000.00,
pursuant to the demand in the RI/FS Special Notice Letter dated November
6, 2000, together with interest that has accrued thereon at the rate
of interest specified for the Hazardous Substances Superfund under CERCLA
Section 107(a), for past response costs incurred by the United States
in connection with the Site from October 1, 1980, to February 28, 2001.
Past costs in excess of $200,000 will be reviewed and paid by Molycorp
according to the procedure described in Paragraphs 96 through 99, except
that EPA may submit an accounting for these past costs at any time;
this past costs accounting will not affect the annual schedule described
in Paragraph 96 for submission of the accounting for future costs. Costs
incurred after February 28, 2001, will be treated as future response
- The check should be made payable to the "EPA Hazardous Substance Superfund"
and should reference the "Molycorp Site, Questa, New Mexico," the EPA
Region and Site/Spill ID Number "06 DL," and "EPA Docket Number ____,"
and must be sent by overnight mail to:
EPA Superfund - Molycorp Site (DL)
P.O. Box 360582M
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15251
ATTN: COLLECTION OFFICER FOR SUPERFUND
- Copies of the check should be sent simultaneously to the RPM and to:
Chief, Superfund Cost Recovery Section (6SF-AC)
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 6
1445 Ross Avenue
Dallas, Texas 75202-2733
All amounts paid by Molycorp under this section will be deposited in
the Molycorp Special Account within the EPA Hazardous Substance Superfund
described in Section XXIV.
XXIV. SPECIAL ACCOUNT FOR RESPONSE AND OVERSIGHT COSTS
- In accordance with Section 122(b)(3) of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C.§ 9622(b)(3),
Molycorp agrees to provide funds to EPA for the payment of response
costs. EPA will establish the Molycorp Special Account within the EPA
Hazardous Substance Superfund (the "Molycorp Special Account") to retain
those funds, which EPA will use for the payment of response costs incurred
by the United States or the State with respect to this Order. Response
costs include all costs incurred by the United States or the State in
overseeing Molycorps implementation of the requirements of this Order
and activities performed by the government as part of the RI/FS and
community relations, including: time and travel costs of EPA and State
personnel and associated indirect costs, contractor costs, attorney
costs, cooperative agreement costs, technical assistance grant costs,
compliance monitoring, collection and analysis of split samples, inspection
of RI/FS activities, Site visits, discussions regarding disputes that
arise under this Order, review and approval or disapproval of reports,
costs of obtaining access to property as may be necessary to carry out
activities required under this Order, costs of performing risk assessment,
costs of redoing any of Molycorp's tasks, and all other direct and indirect
costs, and interest.
- Following the issuance of this Consent Order, EPA will submit to Molycorp
on an annual basis an accounting of all response costs, including oversight
costs, incurred by the U.S. Government with respect to this RI/FS. Response
costs may include all types of costs identified in the preceding paragraph.
Any summaries, including EPA's certified Agency Financial Management
Systems summary data ("SCORPIOS Reports"), or such other summary as
certified by EPA, shall serve as basis for payment demands. Molycorp
will have 30 days to request detailed backup information to support
all or part(s) of the certified financial summaries. This detail information
may include, but is not limited to, contractor invoices, signed EPA
employee timesheets, travel expense authorizations and reports, and
other reimbursement reports. Molycorp will make payment for response
costs within 30 days of receipt of this backup information as specified
in Paragraphs 97 through 99.
- Molycorp must, within 30 days of receipt of each accounting, remit
a certified or cashier's check, or an Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)
in accordance with EFT instructions provided by EPA, for the amount
of those costs. Interest will accrue from the later of: the date payment
of a specified amount is demanded in writing; or the date of the expenditure.
The interest rate is the rate of interest on investments for the Hazardous
Substances Superfund in section 107(a) of CERCLA.
- Checks should be made payable to the Hazardous Substances Superfund
and should include the name of the site, the site identification number,
the account number and the title of this Order. Checks should be forwarded
EPA Superfund - Molycorp Site (DL)
P.O. Box 360582M
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15251
ATTN: COLLECTION OFFICER FOR SUPERFUND
The check should be made payable to the "EPA Hazardous Substance Superfund"
and should reference the "Molycorp Site, Questa, New Mexico," the EPA
Region and Site/Spill ID Number "06 DL," and "EPA Docket Number ______."
Molycorp must submit notice of payment including a copy of the EFT transmittal
documentation, cashiers check, or certified check to the RPM and to:
Chief, Superfund Cost Recovery Section (6SF-AC)
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 6
1445 Ross Avenue
Dallas, Texas 75202-2733
- Molycorp agrees to limit any disputes concerning costs to accounting
errors and the inclusion of costs outside the scope of this Consent
Order. Molycorp must identify any contested costs and the basis of its
objection. All undisputed costs must be remitted by Molycorp in accordance
with the schedule set forth above. Disputed costs must be paid by Molycorp
into an escrow account while the dispute is pending. Molycorp bears
the burden of establishing an EPA accounting error or the inclusion
of costs outside the scope of this Consent Order.
XXV. RESERVATIONS OF RIGHTS AND REIMBURSEMENT OF OTHER COSTS
- EPA reserves the right to perform its own studies; to terminate, take
over, or undertake activities required under this Consent Order in the
event of deficient submissions or other nonperformance; to seek reimbursement
for the costs of those actions; and to seek any other appropriate relief.
If EPA performs its own studies or terminates, takes over, or undertakes
activities required under this Consent Order, those studies and activities
will be conducted under CERCLA and will not be inconsistent with the
NCP. EPA will consult with Molycorp's Project Coordinator in advance
regarding such studies and activities.
- EPA reserves the right to bring an action against Molycorp under Section
107 of CERCLA for recovery of all response costs, including oversight
costs, incurred by the United States at the site that are not reimbursed
by Molycorp, any costs incurred in the event EPA performs the RI/FS
or any part of it, and any future costs incurred by the United States
in connection with response activities conducted under CERCLA at this
- EPA reserves the right to bring an action against Molycorp to enforce
the past costs and response and oversight cost reimbursement requirements
of this Order, to collect stipulated penalties assessed pursuant to
section XXI of this Order, and to seek penalties pursuant to Section
109 of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. § 9609.
- Except as expressly provided in this Order, each party to this Order
reserves all rights and defenses it may have. Nothing in this Order
affects EPA's removal authority or EPA's response or enforcement authorities,
including the right to seek injunctive relief, stipulated penalties,
statutory penalties, and/or punitive damages.
- After satisfying the requirements of this Order, Molycorp will have
resolved its liability to EPA for the work performed by Molycorp pursuant
to this Order. The activities conducted pursuant to this Order, if approved
by EPA, will be considered consistent with the NCP. Further, Molycorp
is entitled to protection from contribution actions or claims as provided
by Section 113(f)(2) of CERCLA for matters addressed in this Order.
The "matters addressed in this Order" are the work performed by Molycorp
under the requirements of the Order and the costs paid by Molycorp pursuant
to this Order. Molycorp is not released from liability, if any, for
any costs not paid by Molycorp pursuant to this order, or for response
actions beyond the scope of this Order regarding removals, other operable
units, remedial design/remedial action of this operable unit, or activities
arising pursuant to Section 121(c) of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. § 9621(c).
- By signing this Order and taking actions under this Order, Molycorp
does not admit, adopt, or concede EPA's Findings of Fact or Conclusions
of Law, nor does it acknowledge that the release or threatened release
of hazardous substances at or from the Site constitutes an imminent
or substantial endangerment to the public health or welfare or the environment.
Molycorp reserves the right to contest the Findings of Fact and Conclusions
of Law in any proceeding regarding the Site other than an action brought
by the United States to enforce this Order. Further, the participation
of Molycorp in this Order may not be considered an admission of liability
and is not admissible in evidence against Molycorp in any judicial or
administrative proceeding, other than a proceeding brought by the United
States to enforce this Order or a judgment relating to it. Molycorp
agrees not to contest the validity or terms of this Order, or the procedures
underlying or relating to it, in any action brought by the United States
to enforce its terms. Molycorp retains its rights to assert claims against
other potentially responsible parties at the Site under Section 113
of CERCLA, 40 U.S.C. § 9613.
- Nothing in this Order is intended by the Parties to be used against
Molycorp as a collateral estoppel in any proceeding other than one by
the United States to enforce this Order (including any collection proceeding
pursuant to Section XXI (Delay in Performance/Stipulated Penalties)).
Molycorp represents that it has agreed to this Order to provide assistance
to EPA and to avoid unnecessary conflict or litigation.
XXVII. OTHER CLAIMS
- In entering into this Order, Molycorp waives any right to seek reimbursement
under Section 106(b) of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. § 9606(b). Molycorp also waives
any right to present a claim under Section 111 or 112 of CERCLA. This
Order does not constitute any decision on preauthorization of funds
under Section 111(a)(2) of CERCLA. Molycorp further waives all other
statutory and common law claims against EPA, including contribution
and counterclaims, relating to or arising out of conduct of the RI/FS.\
- Nothing in this Order constitutes or may be construed as a release
from any claim, cause of action or demand in law or equity against any
person, firm, partnership, agency, subsidiary or corporation not a signatory
to this Order for any liability it may have arising out of or relating
in any way to the generation, storage, treatment, handling, transportation,
release, or disposal of any hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants
found at, taken to, or taken or released from the Site. Nothing in this
Order may be construed to create any rights in, or grant any cause of
action to, any person not a party to this Order.
- Nothing in this Order is a finding that Molycorp is the sole responsible
party under CERCLA for the Site. EPA and Molycorp expressly reserve
all rights (including any right to contribution, including any contribution
claims that may exist against the United States and its agents and instrumentalities,
excluding EPA), defenses, claims, demands, and causes of action that
each may have with respect to any matter, transaction, or occurrence
relating in any way to the Site against any person not a party to this
- Molycorp must bear its own costs and attorneys fees.
XXVIII. FINANCIAL ASSURANCE, INSURANCE, AND INDEMNIFICATION
- Within 30 days after the Effective Date, Molycorp must propose a financial
assurance instrument in the amount of $2,000,000. If EPA approves the
proposal, within 30 days after that approval Molycorp must execute the
financial assurance instrument. If EPA disapproves the proposal, within
15 days Molycorp must submit an alternative proposed financial assurance
instrument. Beginning on January 1, 2003, and each calendar year thereafter,
Molycorp must adjust, if appropriate, the financial assurance sufficiently
to perform the work and other activities required under this Order.
The amount of the adjustment is subject to EPA approval.
- If at any time the net worth of the financial instrument or trust
account is insufficient to perform the work and other obligations under
the Order for the upcoming quarter, Molycorp must provide written notice
to EPA within seven days after the net worth of the financial instrument
or trust account becomes insufficient. The written notice must describe
why the financial instrument or trust account is funded insufficiently
and explain what actions have been or will be taken to fund the financial
instrument or trust account adequately.
- (a) Before commencement of any work under this Order, Molycorp must
secure, and must maintain in force for the duration of this Order, and
for two years after the completion of all activities required by this
Order, Commercial General Liability (CGL) and automobile insurance,
with limits of $1,000,000, combined single limit, naming as additional
insured the United States EPA. The CGL insurance must include Contractual
Liability Insurance in the amount of $1,000,000 per occurrence, and
Umbrella Liability Insurance in the amount of $2,000,000 per occurrence.
(b) Molycorp must also secure, and maintain in force for the duration
of this Order and for two years after the completion of all activities
required by this Order, the following:
(c) For the duration of this Order, Molycorp must satisfy, and must
ensure that its contractors and subcontractors satisfy, all applicable
laws and regulations regarding the provision of employer's liability
insurance and workmen's compensation insurance for all persons performing
work on behalf of Molycorp in furtherance of this Order.
- Professional Errors and Omissions Insurance in the amount of $1,000,000.00
- Pollution Liability Insurance in the amount of $1,000,000.00
(d) If Molycorp demonstrates by evidence satisfactory to EPA that any
contractor or subcontractor maintains insurance equivalent to that described
above, or insurance covering the same risks but in a lesser amount,
then with respect to that contractor or subcontractor Molycorp need
provide only that portion of the insurance described above that is not
maintained by the contractor or subcontractor
(e) Before commencement of any work under this Order, and annually thereafter
on the anniversary of the effective date of this Order, Molycorp must
provide to EPA proof of such insurance and a copy of each insurance
- At least seven days before commencing any work under this Order, Molycorp
must certify to EPA that the required insurance has been obtained by
- Molycorp agrees to indemnify and hold the United States Government,
its agencies, departments, agents, and employees harmless from any and
all claims or causes of action arising from or on account of negligent
or wrongful acts or omissions of Molycorp, its employees, agents, servants,
receivers, successors, or assignees, or any persons, including firms,
corporations, subsidiaries and contractors, in carrying out activities
under this Order. The United States Government or any agency or authorized
representative thereof may not be held as a party to any contract entered
into by Molycorp in carrying out activities under this Order.
XXIX. EFFECTIVE DATE AND SUBSEQUENT MODIFICATION
- The effective date of this Order will be the date it is signed by
EPA and Molycorp.
- This Order may be amended by mutual agreement of EPA and Molycorp.
Amendments must be in writing and will be effective when signed by EPA.
The RPM does not have the authority to sign amendments to the Order.
- No informal advice, guidance, suggestions, or comments by EPA regarding
reports, plans, specifications, schedules, and any other writing submitted
by Molycorp may be construed as relieving Molycorp of its obligation
to obtain such formal approval as may be required by this Order. Any
deliverables, plans, technical memoranda, reports (other than progress
reports), specifications, schedules and attachments required by this
Order are automatically incorporated into this Order upon approval by
XXX. TERMINATION AND SATISFACTION
- This Order will terminate when Molycorp demonstrates in writing and
certifies to the satisfaction of EPA that all activities required under
this Order, including all activities required under the Statement of
Work, any additional work, payment of past costs, response and oversight
costs, and any stipulated penalties demanded by EPA, have been performed,
and EPA has approved the certification; or when EPA terminates the Order
under Paragraph 35, 69, or 100.
- The certification described in the preceding paragraph must be signed
by a responsible official representing Molycorp. The representative
must make the following attestation: "I certify that the information
contained in or accompanying this certification is true, accurate, and
complete." For purposes of this Order, a responsible official is a corporate
official who is in charge of a principal business function.
- EPA will approve the certification and terminate this Order when it
is satisfied that all activities required under this Order have been
performed, including any additional work, payment of Response Costs
including oversight costs, and any stipulated penalties demanded by
EPA. Termination of this Order in accordance with this section will
not terminate Molycorp's obligation to comply with Sections XIX (Record
Preservation), XXIII (Reimbursement of Past Costs), and XXIV (Special
Account for Response and Oversight Costs) of this Order.
BY: ________________________________________ DATE:________________________
Print Name and Title
BY: ________________________________________ DATE:______________________
Director, Superfund Division
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Statement of Work